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Buy Antiques - 1866 US Alcohol IRS Hydrometer-Complete Labels / Seals - bidStart (item 17193480 in Antiques & Art : Antiques : Science & Medicine (Pre-1930) : Scientific Instruments : Microscopes & Lab Equipment : Other)

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1866 US Alcohol IRS Hydrometer-Complete Labels / Seals

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BIN Price$249.00
Time LeftClosed (Sun Jan-23-11 17:01:23 EST)
Shipping$19.95 (to United States)
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Will Ship ToDomestically and to the following locations...
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Shipping & Handling$19.95 (to United States)
InsuranceNot Offered
Type Of ServiceMail - Priority
Shipping & Payment NotesSatisfaction guaranteed, but buyer must notify seller prior to any returns. Item must be returned in its original condition or refund will be voided and item returned at buyer's expense. The buyer is responsible for return shipping costs.
Starting TimeJan-17-11 16:22:05 EST
Payments Accepted PayPal or Check, Money Order
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Meet the Seller: mrcollectible

feedback 2   100.0% pos.

joinedMay '05

fromCA, United States

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Description

Genuine in original wooden case!

 Click Images To Enlarge
 
Not only VERY RARE, but fascinating first hand glimpse into history!.......LABELS ALONE SELL FOR OVER $100 EACH (see for yourself at www.ericjackson.com)

                  Circa 1866

                  Everything complete and intact!
 
                  Four (4) John W. Mason labels-series 1889 AND One (1) Joseph S. Miller label-series 1885
                  There were only 4,000 of these J. Mason labels AND 5,000 Joseph Miller labels printed.
                  THUS, VERY SCARCE!
 
                  Mayhew & Co (?) appears to be manufacturer of wooden case.
Early G. Tagliabue, New York 1866 Pat. marked Internal Revenue Service cased hydrometer used for determining the amount of alcohol in various distilled spirits/liquors.
Giuseppe Tagliabue (b.Lake Como, Italy, d. Mount Vernon, NY 1878) was educated at the village school, and was sent to Como to learn cabinet-making. He went to London in 1826 w he apprenticed in a firm that made meteorological instruments. In 1883 he moved to New York where he continued to make scientific instruments. He was successful. He developed a hydrometer (an instrument used for measuring the specific gravity of a liquid), that was used by the United States Government to measure the amount of alcohol in a liquid. Alcohol was then, as now, a major source of tax revenue. The hydrometer was important in the development of the science of chemistry. Several of his self-recording instruments are used in the Central Park meteorological observatory.
At the beginning of the fiscal year 1866-1867, the Treasury Department was in possession of the information necessary for the establishment of a new system of roving and gauging spirits and the authority for carrying it into effect. In his report for 1867 the Commissioner of Internal Revenue remarks on this subject as follows: For several years there had been frequent complaints of a lack of uniformity in the inspection of distilled spirits in different sections of the country. The accounts of revenue officers were disturbed, and the interest of shippers prejudiced by difficulty in procuring their proper allowance for leakage. The Treasury, too, was frequently, it is presumed, unfavorably affected by an excess of such allowance. The secure, therefore, a uniform and correct system of inspection and gauging of spirits subject to tax throughout the United States, the Secretary of the Treasury, in February last, adopted the hydrometer of Mr. Tagliabue, of New York. This hydrometer was approved by a committee of the National Academy of Sciences, consisting of Professor Henry, General Meigs, and Professor Hilgard, and has been furnished, with an accompanying manual prepared and printed for that purpose, to collectors of the Internal Revenue for the use of duly appointed inspectors in their several districts. The caliper and head-rod system of gauging has been adopted likewise, and a manual of instructions in their use furnished revenue officers. The hydrometers are furnished by the manufacturer in sets of five, at a charge of eighteen dollars per set, and in sets of three at thirteen dollars. Seven hundred and thirty-four sets have been received from the manufacturer at a cost of $11,826.50, and about five hundred sets have been distributed to officers. Inspectors supply themselves at their own charge with the necessary gauging instruments. [Rep. Comm. Of Int. Rev. for 1868, p. xxxiii.]